YES TO CLEAN SHIPS – YES TO POLLUTER PAYS – YES TO GREEN JOBS IN EUROPE
Petition to the European Parliament and to the European Council for an enhanced ship recycling regulation 15 April 2013
We, the undersigned organisations active in environmental protection, sustainable development, health, labour and human rights, call on the European Parliament and the European Council to strengthen the proposed regulation on ship recycling (COM(2012)118) as presented by the European Commission on 23 March 2012.
We believe that the proposed regulation will not prevent European owned ships – making up 40% of the world’s fleet – from being scrapped on the beaches of Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan in foreseeable time. Nor do we believe that the proposed regulation will lead to substantial improvements to existing shipbreaking facilities in South Asia to lessen the severe environmental damage, the human rights abuses and loss of lives occurring at these facilities.
We call on the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union to work together to finally put an end to the breaking of ships on tidal beaches, to take care for workers’ safety, to provide adequate protection of the marine environment from ship-borne pollutants and to hold the shipping industry accountable.
A dangerous precedent in EU environmental law
We believe that the proposal in its present form sets an extremely dangerous precedent insofar as it allows the EU to unilaterally withdraw from the UN Basel Convention. Under the Basel Ban Amendment - adopted in 1995 by the Parties to the Basel Convention and ratified by the EU in 1997 - exports of hazardous wastes such as end-of-life vessels to non-OECD countries, notably developing countries, are prohibited.
The European Commission has proposed to remove end-of-life ships from its implementing legislation of the Basel Convention, the EU Waste Shipment Regulation (EC 1013/2006). Under international law, however, such a unilateral withdrawal by the EU is illegal, as the Basel Convention has not removed ships from its definition of hazardous waste. The European Parliament and the Council must consider the gravity of this misstep.
We urge the European Parliament and the Council to improve the proposal so that it will remain in conformity with the binding legal provisions of the Basel Convention.
No perpetuation of beaching of ships
In addition, the Commission proposal lacks clarity when it comes to banning beaching, namely the sending of end-of-life ships flying a European flag and/or owned by European companies to the beaches in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh for dismantling. Nowhere does the proposal address the role of flags-of-convenience as a root of the systematic disregard of the international regulations and the continuous illegal export of toxic wastes to non-OECD countries.
The well-known loopholes, which allow shipowners to easily circumvent the Basel Convention and the Waste Shipment Regulation, must be closed. At the same time, the implementation of the already existing regimes must be enforced and ships must remain under the Waste Shipment Regulation.
A green shipping industry in Europe
We demand that the new regulation includes an incentive to dismantle ships within the European Union and to support the European recycling industry as well as the environmentally sound and safe management of waste. Moreover, the proposal should draw a clear link between the support of pre-cleaning of the ships throughout their operational life and the development of green jobs in Europe. Not only would classification societies and other service providers benefit from mandatory inventories and auditing schemes for yards, but R&D within shipbuilding and dismantling, recycling and waste management, as well as refitting operations would also provide sorely needed jobs.
A financial mechanism to establish the polluter pays principle
The current proposal does not display any ambition to hold the shipping industry accountable for externalizing the costs of the recycling of their vessels onto developing countries. Whereas EU environmental law clearly supports the polluter pays principle for other industries, it shies away from establishing a financial mechanism for the shipping industry in order to include those who benefit from the ships into the bill.
We demand an EU regulation on ship recycling that –
· upholds the current prohibition on the export of ships containing hazardous materials to developing countries and to enforce the existing ban;
· explicitly bans the method of beaching ships for dismantling;
· covers not only EU-flagged ships (as only 8% of end-of-life vessels still use EU flags), but also incorporates a financial mechanism to include European-owned vessels and ships calling at EU ports;
· promotes green ship building and ship recycling within the EU (cradle-to-cradle principle);
· establishes the polluter pays principle and holds the shipping industry accountable.
The NGO Shipbreaking Platform, Belgium
The Platform’s member organisations also signed this petition:
Basel Action Network (BAN), USA
Ban Asbestos, France
Spokesperson and Chair of the Henri Pézerat association
Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association (BELA), Bangladesh
Bangladesh Institute of Labour Studies, Bangladesh
Nazrul Islam Khan
Executive Director & Secretary General
The Bellona Foundation, Norway
Senior international advisor
The Corporate Accountability Desk – The Other Media, India
Transport & Environment, Belgium
Fédération Internationale des Droits de l’Homme (FIDH), France
Head of globalization and human rights office
International Ban Asbestos Secretariat (IBAS), UK
Legal Initiative for Forest and Environment (LIFE), India
Stichting De Noordzee/The North Sea Foundation, Netherlands
The Bangladesh Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Foundation (OSHE), Bangladesh
Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), Pakistan
Senior Research Associate
Toxics Link, India
Young Power in Social Action (YPSA), Bangladesh
Muhammad Ali Shahin
Platform Project Coordinator in Bangladesh
This petition was also signed by the following European NGOs:
Catalan Oceanographic Association, Spain
Fernando Condal Domingo
Clydebank Asbestos Group, UK
Ecologistas en Acción, Spain
Lydia Chaparro Elias
Sea campaign coordinator
European Environmental Bureau, Belgium
Greenpeace European Unit, Belgium
National coordinator – Ecomafie observatory
LPN – Liga para a Protecção da Natureza, Portugal
Fisheries Policy Officer
MEDITERRANEAN SOS Network, Greece
Environmental Policy Coordinator
Robin des Bois, France
Seas at Risk, Belgium
Waste Free Oceans, Belgium
Co-founder and Project Manager
Zentralinstitut für Arbeitsmedizin und Maritime Medizin, Germany
Dr. Evelyn Glensk
Source: shipbreaking platform. 15 April 2013http://www.shipbreakingplatform.org/shipbrea_wp2011/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Petition-for-safe-and-sound-ship-recycling-EP-and-EU-Council-15-April-2013-FINAL.pdf